Ale Ales are beers fermented with top fermenting yeast. Ales typically are fermented at warmer temperatures than lagers, and are often served warmer.
Bomber A 22-ounce bottle of beer.
Bung A sealing stopper, usually a cylinder shaped piece of wood or plastic, fitted into the mouth of a cask or older style kegs.
Bung Hole The round hole in the side of a cask or older style keg, through which the vessel is filled with beer and then sealed with a bung.
Cask A barrel-shaped container for holding beer. Originally made of iron-hooped wooden staves, now most widely available in stainless steel and aluminum.
Cider A fermented alcoholic beverage made from fruit juice, most commonly and traditionally apple juice, but also the juice of peaches, pears or other fruit.
Craft Brewery According to the Brewers Association, an American craft brewer is small, independent and traditional.
Draught Beer Beer drawn from kegs, casks or serving tanks rather than from cans, bottles, or other packages. Beer consumed from a growler relatively soon after filling is also sometimes considered draught beer.
Firkin A small wooden vessel or cask, or any of various British units of capacity usually equal to 1?4 barrel. Generally firkins are filled with ‘real ale’. Real ale is a top-fermented beer that completes its secondary fermentation in the container from which it is served.
Forty A forty is American slang for a 40 fluid-ounce bottle commonly used for cheaper varieties of beer and malt liquor.
Growler A jug-like container once used to carry draft beer bought by the measure at the local tavern. Growlers are usually 64 oz. (1/2 Gallon)or 68 oz. (2 Liter) in volume and made of glass or ceramic. Brewpubs often serve growlers to sell beer to-go. Often a customer will pay a deposit on the growler but can bring it back again and again for a re-fill.
Hefeweizen A south German style of wheat beer made with a typical ratio of 50:50, or even higher, wheat. A yeast that produces a unique phenolic flavors of banana and cloves with an often dry and tart edge, some spiciness, bubblegum or notes of apples. Little hop bitterness, and a moderate level of alcohol. The “Hefe” prefix means “with yeast”, hence the beers unfiltered and cloudy appearance.
Hops A perennial climbing vine. The female plant yields flowers of soft-leaved pine-like cones measuring about an inch in length. Only the female ripened flower is used for flavoring beer. Seedless hops have a much higher bittering power than seeded. There are presently over one hundred varieties of hops cultivated around the world. Apart from contributing bitterness, hops impart aroma and flavor, and inhibit the growth of bacteria in wort and beer.
IPA India Pale Ale or “IPA” is a beer style within the broader category of pale ale. It was first brewed in England in the 19th century. The term “pale ale” originally denoted an ale that had been brewed from pale malt. Demand for the export style of pale ale, which had become known as “India pale ale”, developed in England around 1840 and India pale ale became a popular product in England. American, Australian, and Canadian brewers manufactured beer with the label IPA before 1900, and records suggest that these beers were similar to English IPA of the era.
Keg A cylindrical container, usually constructed of steel or sometimes aluminum, commonly used to store, transport, and serve beer under pressure. In the U.S., kegs are referred to by the portion of a barrel they represent, for example, a 1/2 barrel keg = 15.5 gal, a 1/2 barrel keg = 7.75 gal, a 1/6 barrel keg = 5.23 gal.
Lager Lagers are any beer that is fermented with bottom fermenting yeast at colder temperatures. Lagers are most often associated with crisp, clean flavors and are traditionally fermented and served at colder temperatures than ales.
Lightstruck Beer (aka “Skunked”) Beer that has been exposed to ultraviolet and visible light. The light causes riboflavin to react with and break down isohumulones, a molecule that contributes to the bitterness of the beer and is derived from the hops. A dark brown glass bottle gives some protection to the beer, but green and clear glass bottles offer virtually no protection at all.
Longneck Longneck aka ndustry Standard Bottle (ISB). A North American longneck is a type of beer bottle with a long neck. It is known as the standard longneck bottle or industry standard bottle (ISB). The ISB longnecks have a uniform capacity, height, weight and diameter. The long neck offers a long cushion of air to absorb the pressure of carbonation to reduce the risk of exploding. The US ISB longneck is 12 U.S. fluid ounces.
Malt Processed barley that has been steeped in water, germinated on malting floors or in germination boxes or drums, and later dried in kilns for the purpose of converting the insoluble starch in barley to the soluble substances and sugars in malt.
Malt Beer Malt beer is a sweet, low-alcohol beer that is brewed like regular beer but without fermentation, which is avoided by adding the yeast at about 32 degrees. It is made from barley malt syrup, sugar, yeast, hops, and water.
Microbrewery As defined by the Brewers Association: A brewery that produces less than 15,000 barrels of beer per year with 75% or more of its beer sold off.
Noble Hops Traditional European hop varieties prized for their characteristic flavor and aroma.
Pale Ale A beer made by warm fermentation using predominantly pale malt. It is one of the world’s major beer styles. The higher proportion of pale malts results in a lighter color. Different brewing practices and hop levels have resulted in a range of taste and strength within the pale ale family.
Pilsner A type of pale lager. It took its name from the city of Pilsen in the Czech Republic, where it was first produced in 1842.The original Pilsner Urquell beer is still produced there today. A modern pilsner has a very light, clear color from pale to golden yellow and a distinct hop aroma and flavor. The alcohol strength is typically around 4.5%-5% (by volume), if pilsner is brewed stronger, it is usually labeled “Export”.
Shandy A shandy is beer mixed with a soft drink, carbonated lemonade, ginger beer, ginger ale, or apple juice. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, usually half-and-half.
Snakebite A Snakebite is a shandy (see above) made with equal parts of lager or stout and cider.
Stubby A short glass bottle used for beer is generally called a stubby. Shorter and flatter than standard bottles, stubbies pack into a smaller space for transporting. The capacity of a stubby is generally somewhere between 11.2 and 12.7 fluid ounces.